The Codex Standard was revised in November 2008 and products in the current Food List all comply with the new standard. This new revised standard forms the basis of the European Commission's No. 41/2009 Labelling legislation.
This level will apply to specialist substitute gluten-free products such as gluten-free breads, cakes, flour mixes etc containing Codex wheat starch with less than 20mg gluten/kg. It will also include naturally gluten-free normal foodstuffs like soups, chocolate, baked beans, sauces, crisps etc.
This second level will be mostly relevant to specialist substitute gluten-free products such as breads and flour mixes that contain Codex wheat starch.
Under the previous standard, a product labelled ‘gluten-free’ could have contained up to ten times more than this (200mg gluten/kg). These new levels offer better protection to coeliacs.
Manufacturers can use the new labelling standard immediately, but it will not become mandatory until January 2012, providing a grace period for manufacturers to reformulate products or change existing packaging.
The term 'gluten-free' implies no gluten, but in practice it is not possible to test for a zero level of gluten.